Photovoltaics (PV) are a major tool in our quest for a more sustainable energy future. To support policy goals for a terawatt scale of installed PV capacity, research and development (R&D) efforts primarily focus on improving the economic and environmental performance of a PV system by increasing the module efficiencies and, thereby, the renewable electricity generated. However, this approach does not address the environmentally expensive PV manufacturing processes that are increasingly shifting to carbon intensive geographies and the burdens of managing increasing volumes of end of life PV modules after a typical life span of 25 years.
These problematic areas call for improved coordination between diverse PV stakeholders to guide R&D efforts towards environmentally improved pathways for terawatt scale installations and incorporating the research findings into the PV lifecycle.
The one day PV and the Environment Summit at ISSST 2016 will host a series research and invited speaker talks and a panel discussion to develop a research agenda for coordinating diverse PV stakeholder inputs (universities, industry, national labs and PV educators) and advancing PV LCA methods. The talks will provide an overview of
- Current and future priority areas for PV sustainability research in national labs and the roles envisioned for PV industry stakeholders
- Key challenges that recyclers face in managing the expected increase in PV waste and policy measures that can address these challenges
- Integrating environmental sustainability issues into PV research agendas in university research centers and training programs for under-graduate and graduate students
- Advancing LCA methods to incorporate feedback from diverse stakeholders and guiding future PV technology development towards environmental favorable pathways
The panel discussion will develop the ideas presented by the speakers and incorporate inputs from the audience. To advance the current state of PV environmental research, this summit will produce a conference proceeding paper that identifies environmental hotspots for future PV deployments, key stakeholders that can potentially address these hotspots and a PV specific LCA framework that can continually evaluate the environmental trade-offs of stakeholder feedback.
Please contact Dwarak Ravikumar in case of questions: firstname.lastname@example.org
Schedule is subject to change.
Wednesday, May 18th
8:30am-10:00am – Research talks
- Introduction of EV to reduce load variability of a campus with high PV penetration: Case Study for a large University Campus (Chetan J Rawal; Agami Reddy)
- Complementing increasing module efficiencies with manufacturing improvements: An environmental necessity for terawatt scale photovoltaic deployments (Dwarak Ravikumar; Ben Wender; Thomas Seager; Matthew Fraser; Meng Tao)
- Life Cycle Assessment of TiO2 Nanotube Solid-State Perovskite Solar Cells (Jingyi Zhang; Xianfeng Gao; Yelin Deng; Chris Yuan)
- Prospective environmental analyses of emerging technology (Daniel Ross Cooper; Timothy Gutowski)
10:00am-10:30am – Break
10:30am-12:00pm – Introduction and Invited Speakers Talks
- Introduction (Dwarak Ravikumar, ASU)
Emerging Environmental Issues in Large‐Scale PV and Recycling (Parikhit Sinha, First Solar)
- PV: Mega-Trends and Sustainability (Ryne Raffaelle, RIT)
12:00pm-2:00pm – Lunch
2:00pm – 4:30pm – Invited Speakers Talks, Responses to Talks, and Conclusion
- Terawatt-scale Photovoltaics – Barriers and approaches to innovation and change in energy production (Christiana Honsberg, ASU)
- Crystalline Silicon PV Manufacturing, Metallization, and Environmental Sustainability (Ian Cooper, SUNY)
- Reducing the environmental impact of emerging PV technologies (Annick Anctil, MSU)
- Recycling Wafer-Silicon Solar Modules for a Sustainable PV Industry (Meng Tao, ASU)
- Conclusion (Dwarak Ravikumar, ASU)